Ex-Diplomat Explains Why US Nuclear Posture Likely to Fuel Arms Race

Iran's foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif speaks during the Tehran Security Conference in Tehran Iran

Iran's foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif speaks during the Tehran Security Conference in Tehran Iran

"The same people who supposedly believe that using weapons of mass destruction is a crime against humanity. are talking about new weapons to threaten or use against rivals, " he added.

The Pentagon document released on Friday, known as the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR), argues that developing smaller nuclear weapons would challenge that assumption.

Iran is accusing the USA of threatening Russian Federation with the use of new nuclear weapons following the Trump administration's call to expand nuclear capabilities in an aim to deter Moscow, Reuters reported Sunday.

"The biggest difference relates to the supposed role of nuclear weapons in American military strategy", Michael Klare, an expert at the Arms Control Association, told Xinhua.

The US military has put countering China and Russian Federation at the centre of a new national defence strategy unveiled earlier this month, shifting priorities away from fighting Islamist militants.

The new policy statement - reflecting a wide justification for a nuclear war - should also be viewed against the continued contradictory statements made by President Donald Trump on issues such as climate change, the Iranian nuclear deal, and most importantly, the use of nuclear weapons.

Russian Federation for its part said it was committed to the treaty, with the Foreign Ministry saying it now has 527 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers.

German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel warned of the dangers for Europe of a "renewed nuclear arms race".

"To which we say: Don't", the Times warned, pointing out that Trump seems to be building a case for war on "emotional grounds", invoking the case of an American student, Otto Warmbier, who died previous year after being detained in North Korea. According to data released by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), United States of America and Russian Federation are the global leaders of nuclear ammunition and boast a combined total of nearly 14,000 nuclear weapons alone. Berlin would press "with its allies and partners" for further worldwide disarmament, he said.

The State Department said Monday the United States has lived up to the deal and it has "no reason to believe" Russian Federation has done otherwise.

China responded to this with a pledge that it will never be first to use nuclear weapons "under any circumstances".

Tangen also pointed out that nuclear deterrents can "blow up the world many hundred times over with the existing stockpile".

But that magical moment seems to be elusive - and at most, a political fantasy, particularly under a Trump administration. Martin Schulz, who challenged Angela Merkel last September, called for remaining American bombs to be removed from Germany. Top-diplomat also said: "Trump's obduracy in killing the JCPOA (Iran's nuclear deal with world powers) stems from unsafe imprudence".

A red danger tag hanging in the command and control center is seen inside U.S. Virginia-class nuclear attack submarine USS Hawaii at the U.S. naval base in Yokosuka, south of Tokyo, Aug. 22, 2014.

He said he would waive sanctions against Iran that were lifted as part of the global deal for the last time unless his conditions were met.

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